Silver Nanoparticles in Cosmetics 2016

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Silver Nanoparticles in Cosmetics 2016 ( silver-nanoparticles-cosmetics-2016 )

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Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications, 2016, 6, 48-53 Published Online March 2016 in SciRes. http://www.scirp.org/journal/jcdsa http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jcdsa.2016.61007 Silver Nanoparticles in Cosmetics Swati Gajbhiye*, Satish Sakharwade Department of Cosmetic Technology, LAD & SRP College for Women, Nagpur, India Received 20 February 2016; accepted 25 March 2016; published 28 March 2016 Copyright © 2016 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution International License (CC BY). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Abstract This review is presented as a common interest in silver nanoparticles, their origin, activity, and toxicity in cosmetic. The application of nanotechnology and nanomaterials can be found in many cosmetic products including moisturizer, hair care products, makeup and sunscreen. Nanomate- rials are now being used in leading cosmetics products, most commonly as chemicals used to give the protection. A silver nanoparticle is the potent and broad spectrum antimicrobial agent. This review paper looks into use of nano silver and provides an overview of current activity in this area. Keywords Nanosilver Nanoparticles, Cosmetic, Toxicity, Application in Cosmetics 1. Introduction Nanotechnology is the study of nanoparticles, and by definition, a nanoparticle is any material measuring less than 100 nanometers in at least one dimension. Nano sized materials have unique optical, thermal, electrical, and/or magnetic properties and have been used in cosmetics and paints [1]. The use of silver nano is about 12% of all nano particles used in cosmetics (Figure 1) [2]. Lots of brain storming is going on, on the application of nanomaterials in cosmetic products in various forums. Nano materials give improved sensory properties and stability to cosmetics. Nano zinc oxide, titanium dioxide not only gives better feel and spread-ability to the cosmetic formulation but also gives better sun protection. Si- milarly nano silver also has improved antimicrobial spectrum than its macro molecule [4]. However the toxicity or safety issue is of concern owing to nano size and subsequent penetration and, or per- meation through the skin when nanosilver is incorporated in cosmetic products. There is no unanimous opinion amongst scientists about toxicity of these particles. There are conflicting claims and counter claims and lack of agreement between researchers on safety for dermal use. Because of their size, these nanoparticles can easily *Corresponding author. How to cite this paper: Gajbhiye, S. and Sakharwade, S. (2016) Silver Nanoparticles in Cosmetics. Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications, 6, 48-53. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jcdsa.2016.61007

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