Process Intensification for the Synthesis of Metal Nanoparticles

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ORIENTAL JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY An International Open Free Access, Peer Reviewed Research Journal www.orientjchem.org ISSN: 0970-020 X CODEN: OJCHEG 2015, Vol. 31, (Spl Edn): Month : Oct. Pg. 249-257 Process Intensification Approach for the Synthesis of Metal Nanoparticles : A Mini Review BAHAREH KHODASHENAS1*, RAMIN ZADGHAFFARI2 and SOBHAN DAFE JAFARI2 1Department of Chemical Engineering, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. 2Department of Chemical Engineering, Ahar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahar, Iran. *Corresponding author bahar.khodashenas67@gmail.com (Received: July 06, 2015; Accepted: August 06, 2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.13005/ojc/31.Special-Issue1.30 ABSTRACT Nowadays nanoparticles are of great interest of researchers because of their various applications in different fields. Since, using the intensification technology which, includes minimization plant or equipment size in the synthesis process, leads the process miniaturization, energy efficiency, safety and cost reduction using this technology in the production of nanoparticles is highly regarded. The present paper, is an attempt to present a review of Process intensification (PI) techniques which are used in nanoparticles synthesis process. Key words: Intensification, Nanoparticles, Synthesis, SFTR, Microreactor, SDR INTRODUCTION Nanotechnology is the science of the small; the very small. It is the use and manipulation of matter at a tiny scale. At this size, atoms and molecules work differently, and provide a variety of surprising and interesting uses 1. Nanotechnology represents the design, production and application of materials at atomic, molecular and macromolecular scales, in order to produce new nano-sized materials 2. It is predicted that in the 21st century, nanotechnology will significantly influence science, economy and daily life and will become one of the driving forces of the next industrial revolution 3. Nanomaterials often show unique and considerably changed physical, chemical and biological properties compared to their macro-scaled counter parts 4. Nanoparticles are defined as particulate dispersions or solid particles with a size in the range of 10-100nm 5. The present review is aimed at reviewing the research carried out in the field of process intensification in nanoparticles production. The Segmented Flow Tubular Reactor (SFTR), Microreactor, and spinning disc reactor (SDR) with their special characteristics are very potent in gaining access to nanoparticles. Process Intensification (PI) One of the earliest references to intensification of processes was in a paper published in the US in1925 6.The concept of process intensification was first introduced by

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