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Organic Rankine Cycle

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Publication Name: Energy Conversion Heat Engines
Original File Name Searched: 780214.PDF
Page Number: 001

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Page

Background............................3.29 Thermodynamics.......................330 Cogeneration. . . .......................332 The RankineCycle. . ....................333

Cycle Performance . ..................336 Turbine Efficiency . . . . . . ..............338 PerformanceWith Heat Recovery. . . . ...340 PerformanceWith Backup PowerSources343 State of the Art. . . ....................345 System Costs... . ....................352 Costs of Organic RankineSystems. .. ...354

The BraytonCycle. . ....................354 System Efficiency. . ..................360 OperationWith Fossil Backup. .........365 System Costs... . ....................365

TheStirlingand Ericsson Cycles.. . .......366 Priniciples of Operation . ..............366 Design Alternatives. . . . . ..............368 Performance . . . . . . . . . . ...............376 PerformanceWithWaste Heat. .........378 SystemCosts. . . . ....................379 State of the Art. . ....................381

Other Heat-Engine Designs . .............383 The Thermionic Converter . ............383 ThermoelectricConversion . ...........385 The Nitinol Engine. . ..................385 Osmotic-Pressure Engine. . ............386

EnvironmentalandSafetyProblems. . .......387 Fluorocarbons . . . . . . . ..................387

Page

Noise . . . . . . . . . . . ......................388 WaterUse in SteamCycles . .............389 Sodium and Potassium Vapor . ...........389

LIST OF TABLES

T able

No. Page

I. Organic Power-CycleWorking Fluids

Used in SystemTesting or in

Development . . . . . . ...................339 Efficiency of Steam Rankine Devices OperatedFromStorageatReduced Temperature . . . . . .. ...................345 Ratio of EnergyRequired for Boiling

Chapter IX

ENERGY CONVERSION WITH HEAT ENGINES

Chapter IX.— ENERGY CONVERSION WITH HEAT ENGINES

2.

3.

4. 5.

6.

7. 8. 9.

10.

to Total EnergySenttoTurbine . .........345 Small Steam RankineTurbines . .........346

Design and Performance Parameters of Current and Projected RankineAutomotive PowerSystems . ......................347

ExperimentalOrganic RankineTurbines

in the UnitedStates. . ..................348 Brayton Cycle Efficiencies. . ............363 Stirling Engine Characteristics . .........378

Performance of Free-Piston Stirling

Engine Designs of EnergyResearch and Generation, inc.. . .....................379 Performance of SunPower Free-Piston Devices . . . . . . . . ......................379

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